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Car Headlights Explained: Halogen, HIDs, LEDs, And Laser



Designing and manufacturing reliable and efficient lights for use as car headlights was not a simple issue for early automobile engineers. Despite all odds, they managed to pull it off.

Headlights contribute significantly to a car’s looks in addition to providing light to the driver at night.

The 5 different types of headlights are listed below.


This is where it all began, incandescent. It is the most ancient of all the several kinds of headlights. This is how it functions.

A fine tungsten filament contained in a vacuum is used to conduct electricity. This will warm it up to the point where it emits a strong light.



This is the most prevalent and conventional type of headlight nowadays. Other technologies, on the other hand, are ready to overtake them.

Tungsten filaments are encapsulated in halogen gas in halogen headlights to improve performance and longevity. To help focus the light from this tungsten on the road, lenses are utilized.

The halogen headlights have an operating life of 500 to 1000 hours.

If you contact this bulb after it has been turned on for a while, you may be burned since much of the halogen is converted into heat rather than light. Halogen lamps can consume up to 55 watts of electricity.

Another incentive to remember is to turn them off after each use. It has the ability to drain your battery.



The abbreviation LED stands for Light Emitting Diode. LED lights reach maximum brightness quickly.

LEDs are popular among car designers because they can be readily shaped into a variety of unique and thin designs. They are utilized in fog lamps, indication lights, and brake lights in addition to being employed as headlights.

For their headlamps, LEDs have a life expectancy of up to 15,000 hours.

Unlike halogen and xenon bulbs, which produce a lot of heat, LEDs are always cool. They don’t give off much heat.

This is a benefit of LEDs since, unlike halogens, they convert most of their energy to light rather than heat.


Xenon/ High Intensity Discharge (HID)

When a mixture of rare metals and gases is heated, it produces a dazzling white glow.

HID OR  Xenon bulbs are two to three times brighter than halogen bulbs.

HIDs produce brighter light than halogens, yet they need less energy to operate. They typically consume 35 watts and can last up to 2000 hours.

To recognize car HID lamps, look for a cool white glow with a distinct blue tinge around the borders.



LASER is an acronym for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation.

This is a brand-new technology in the automotive sector. BMW was the first car company to adopt laser headlights. The i8 plug-in hybrid supercar will have it as an option. The laser is also used in the design of the Audi R8.

Because of how the laser cutter has been adjusted, the beams from these laser headlights will not be cutting objects like the laser cutter. A cloud of yellow phosphorous gas is the target of the laser beams. When the gas is excited by the laser, it creates a bright white glow that is reflected and diffused to illuminate the road ahead.\

According to BMW, the laser headlights are extremely energy efficient and can illuminate the road up to 600 meters ahead of the i8, compared to 300 meters with LED high beams. is an authoritative car blog in Nigeria. Its objective is to get Nigerians and a wider audience to be more informed about automobiles, the automotive sector and transport infrastructure. Over the years, we have been instrumental in creating immeasurable public awareness about automobiles and their maintenance, safety and traffic laws, amongst others. ...Your mobility, our priority. NK

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