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Nigeria Highway Code: Traffic Offences At A Glance



nigerian highway

nigerian highway

On every road there are road users such as motorists, pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists, passengers and animals

As a road user, it is expected that the road is used in accordance with the rules and regulations. Every road user should be disciplined,careful and considerate to others to ensure safer roads, thereby avoiding road crashes and or arrest and prosecution.

Members of the Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) shall have the right to arrest and prosecute any person reasonably suspected to have committed any of these traffic Offence(s).

It is therefore an offence to:

-Be on any road without any lights or faulty lights, signs or reflectors or wrongful use of signals.

-Obstruct any section of the road with vehicles or in any other way that may affect free flow of traffic.

-Use a restricted road where it Is marked “one way” or “no entry”.

-Disobey speed-limits erected at road construction areas or any other road.

-Drive a vehicle without a valid learner’s permit; driver’s license or any other permit required by law.

-Drive a vehicle without a valid vehicle license of identification mark being displayed.

-Overtake another vehicle wrongfully.

-Disobey traffic light signals.

-Disobey or disregard road signs or pavement markings.

-Drive a vehicle, a two or three wheel cycle on any road in a reckless or negligent manner that will be dangerous to other road users.

-Drive a vehicle or motorcycle with forged vehicle papers.

-Drive a vehicle or motorcycle under the influence of drugs or alcohol.

-Drive a vehicle or motorcycle or any mechanically propelled engine that would result in the damage to any public presence, street light, traffic lights, road signs etc.

-Engage in any act of commission or omission by motorists which may constitute hazard to other road users.

-Remove from a vehicle, the sign, “Do not move”.

-Use a road that is under construction.

-Fail to move over to the slow lane to free up traffic flow.

-Uncover gravel or other unstable materials with tarpaulin or strong plastics to stop it spilling on the road.

-Cover number plates at the front and rear sides the vehicle.

-Load a vehicle above the weight or number of passengers required by law.

-Drive a vehicle with projected load.

-Obstruct a marshal in the performance of his duty.

-Drive a vehicle with damaged or shattered windscreen.

-Drive a vehicle with worn tyres or without spare tyre.

-Drive a vehicle that is mechanically deficient.


-Drive a vehicle without fire extinguisher.

-Assault a marshal on duty.

-Corrupt a marshal on duty.

-Fail to report at designated place by a traffic offender.

-Drive a vehicle that emits excessive smoke.

-Drive a commercial vehicle without a passenger manifest.

-Use your GSM phone while driving.

-Driver under 18 years of age.

-Ply the road by commercial drivers and conductors without badges.

-Ply the road without side and inner rear mirrors.

-Smoke or eat while driving.

-Drive a double-decker bus in Nigeria.

-Fail to use your headlight s during inclement weather.

-Fail to signal when changing lanes, making a turn or pulling in front of another vehicle.

-Fail to properly secure under-aged children in an approved school safety seat or booster seat.

-Travel in a bed of a pick-up truck by any person.

-Fail to use belts while driving.

-Fail to pay any prescribed fine or other fees under the law.

-Provide incorrect address under the law.

-Reject accident victims by hospital medical personnel.

-Ride a motorcycle without a crash helmet properly strapped to the head and fastened under the chin47. Drive with one hand.

-Drive with one hand


Emeka is a Contributor at Autojosh. A graduate of Electrical/Electronic Engineering with a B.Eng degree. Emeka is a car enthusiast who is interested in traveling, writing, movies and driving. He also loves drinking garri with cold water.