The assassination of JF Kennedy 56 years ago led to a total rethink of how the US presidential state cars are designed.
From an open-top Lincoln Continental to the armoured “The Beast”; Check out the evolution of the US Presidential State Cars in the last five decades.
That day, 56 years ago today, marks one of the darkest moments in American history. The assassination of John F. Kennedy led to a total rethink of how the presidential cars are designed.
The 1961 unarmoured open-roofed Lincoln Continental SS-100-X left John F. Kennedy uniquely exposed.
Today, the United States presidential state cars are more of “Tanks” than a cars. The current models cover the presidents in thicker layers of armour and protection.
AutoJosh wants you to see the evolution of the US Presidential State Cars from the last five decades.
1961 to 1963: Lincoln Continental SS-100-X
The vehicle that President Kennedy was riding in on the day of his assassination was a 1961 open-roofed Lincoln Continental SS-100-X. The state car cost almost $200,000 (equivalent to about $1,700,000 in 2018).
It is the most sophisticated presidential state car yet built. It has heavy-duty heater and air conditioner and a pair of radiotelephones. Fire extinguisher, a first-aid kit and a siren are also available.
John F. Kennedy wouldn’t have survived the bullets in the unarmoured car even if the hardtop had been in place.
1963 to 1972: Lyndon B Johnson’s armoured Lincoln Continental
Following Kennedy’s assassination, Lincoln Continental was redesigned for an estimated cost of $500,000. It received significant armour plating, bullet-proof hardtop, explosion-proof fuel tank and run-flat tyres.
The custom-built car remained in service until 1977, when it was retired to the Henry Ford Museum.
1972 to 1982
The Lincoln Continental was also used by Presidents Nixon, Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan
The 1972 Lincoln Continental was the car in which President Gerald Ford was shot at by Sara Jane Moore.
It is also the car that transported President Ronald Reagan to the hospital after he was shot in 1981. It is currently on display at the Henry Ford Museum.
Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham
In 1984, the US Secret Service switched to Cadillac. President Ronald Reagan used a state car based on the Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham. It featured armour and bulletproof glass.
Bush’s Lincoln Town Car
George HW Bush used an armoured Lincoln Town Car during his 4 year tenure as President of the United States.
Clinton’s Cadillac Fleetwood
Bill Clinton’s 1992 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham lacks the sunroof of the earlier model, for extra security. It is currently on display at the Clinton Presidential Center in Little Rock.
George W Bush’s Cadillac DeVille is more of tank than a car
George W Bush’s 14,000+ pound armoured Cadillac DeVille was the first to be built to the specifications of the Secret Service. It is the first state car to be nicknamed “The Beast”.
2009 – 2018: The Obama’s Beast
The 2009 Cadillac “Cadillac One” was brought into service in 2009 for President Barack Obama’s inauguration.
Each of the 12 Presidential Limousine weighs in at a massive 10 tons. It is believed to be the safest Presidential State Car on the planet then.
Donald Trump in 2017 inherited the 12 fleets of Beast used Barack Obama administration. Each of the 12 limousines cost US$1,500,000,
In 2018, Trump took delivery of revised version of the armoured tank. Just like the ones he inherited, the Cadillac Escalade-based car is equipped with its own oxygen supply in case of a chemical or biological attack. It is also has a fridge that has the President’s blood type in case of emergency.
Other security features includes protection against ballistics and explosives. It has built-in tear gas launchers and fire suppression system that prevents occupants from burning alive .
Its Kevlar reinforced run-flat tires keeps the limo going even after taking multiple direct hits. The door handles can be electrified to shock would-be assailant who might try to get inside.
Decommissioned limos are dismantled and destroyed with bullets and explosives rounds with the assistance of Secret Service. The first is to demonstrate the automobile’s effectiveness against such weaponry. It is also destroyed to hide the secrets of its manufacturers, armouring and defensive abilities .